current trends of education in pakistan

Authorized DAIs are mostly chartered universities but also include research institutes or military academies. Indigenous medical systems like Unani, Ayurvedic, and Homeopathic medicine are licensed professions in Pakistan as well. This means that it’s far more common for Pakistani students to study abroad and broaden their academic horizons in another country than it is for Indian students. Let us have a look at the current trends in education technology: 1. Pakistan’s education system has evolved substantially from both its Islamic and British historical roots. The middle school curriculum features the same subjects as the elementary curriculum, but additional languages like Arabic or Persian may be introduced. TeachThought search data [objective] 3. As the human race modernized the need to educate upcoming generation is there but the form and type of education has changed. The grading scale and minimum passing requirements are the same as in the SSC exams. The four provinces are Baluchistan, Punjab, Sindh, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which was until 2010 known as the North-West Frontier Province. There are many flaws in the current education system of Pakistan that need to be resolved. Students are also provided the environment of Critical Thinking so that new ideas and approaches can be added to the already available systems. Pakistan is faced with a multitude of challenges in the education sector. In the country, the state is mandated to give compulsory and free education to all children of the age 15-16 in manner that is determined by the law. Here’s How COVID-19 Has Impacted Pakistan’s Education Sector. Note: In addition to these benchmark qualifications, universities offer a variety of shorter undergraduate-level diploma programs as well as postgraduate diplomas, which are mostly one year in duration and require a bachelor’s degree for admission. Education brings about positive changes not only in the society but also the personal lives of people. To put these rates into regional perspective, the secondary GER in both India and Bangladesh is 73 percent, and as high as 98 percent in Sri Lanka (UNESCO statistics). … There is little interest of affiliated colleges to have research-oriented courses. The causes of these gender disparities are numerous. It also coordinates education policies between jurisdictions. It is also working towards building Skills in students so that they excel in the fields they choose and are no behind anyone. A registry of qualifications is being developed but does not appear to be available publicly as of this writing. These qualifications provide graduates access not only to specialized employment but also to tertiary education programs, given that the curricula typically include the compulsory subjects of the national upper-secondary curriculum. Web Based Instructions are great for the students who can learn when on the go. That said, there are sizable numbers of international students from Muslim-majority developing countries like Somalia, Sudan, Yemen, and, most notably, neighboring Afghanistan, who pursue studies in Pakistan, where they can access education of higher quality than they can at home. While matters like the development of school curricula used to be a shared responsibility of the federal and provincial governments, many of these responsibilities have now been delegated to the provinces. While Pakistan has created a tremendous amount of new doctoral programs over the past decade, growing numbers of Pakistani scholars are heading abroad to access higher quality education, primarily in fields like engineering and the sciences. In general, Pakistani students have increasingly diversified their international study destinations in recent years. Like other colleges, community colleges are teaching institutions affiliated with a DAI, but they are designed to offer more applied programs that lead to employment-geared associate degrees. According to UNESCO, the overall elementary NER in Pakistan stood at only 68 percent in 2018. Like other countries on the Indian subcontinent, Pakistan used to have bachelor’s degree programs that were only two or three years in length—a short duration by international standards. An estimated 22.8 million children aged 5-16 are out-of-school. For example, science group students typically take chemistry, physics, and mathematics; those in the pre-medical group take biology, physics, and chemistry. The new associate degrees, awarded at affiliated colleges of education and community colleges, are being offered in education. TVET programs are taught at technical secondary schools, trade schools, polytechnics, and technical colleges, most of them public institutions. While there were only two private HEIs in Pakistan at the beginning of the 1990s, there are now 83 private DAIs, enrolling some 19 percent of all university students. While most Pakistani students are said to be self-funded, overseas scholarship programs have helped thousands of graduate students to pursue studies in the United States, the United Kingdom, Cuba, Germany, France, and various other countries in recent years. nursing education in Pakistan will be discussed along with recommendations. Elementary education is five years in length (grades 1 to 5), followed by three years of middle school (grades 6 to 8), and four years of secondary education, divided into two years of lower-secondary and two years of upper-secondary education (5+3+2+2). Until recently, elementary and middle school teachers (grades 1 to 8) were able to teach after completing short training programs that led to the Primary Teaching Certificate (SSC+1) and the Certificate in Teaching (HSSC+1). Tertiary enrollments spiked from only 305,000 in 1990 to 1.9 million in 2018, according to UNESCO. Civics has recently been introduced in school curricula in place of Islamiyat for religious minority populations. Traffic and search trends within and across popular education websites [objective] 4. 5 Data Points To Identify The Most Popular Trends In Education. As shown in the table below, attrition rates increase substantially as children progress up the educational ladder. Pakistan’s education system has evolved substantially from both its Islamic and British historical roots. Data published by the Australian government show that the number of Pakistani students grew almost threefold over the past decade, from 3,512 in 2008 to 10,000 in 2019, making Pakistan one of the top 10 sending countries of tertiary students in Australia. According to UNESCO, the overall upper-secondary NER in Pakistan was 23 percent in 2017, compared with 38 percent in Nepal and 46 percent in Bangladesh. The Secondary School Certificate (SSC), also referred to as “matriculation certificate,” is examined in two parts at the end of grades 9 and 10 and is awarded upon passing the final SSC exam at the end of grade 10. Certification in medical specialties requires another three to five years of clinical studies, depending on the specialty. These changes not only replace the traditional system of annual examinations and mark sheets, they also facilitate the global recognition of Pakistani qualifications and international student exchange. Those who have earned it are allowed to teach at the elementary school level while the system transitions to the new bachelor’s degree requirement. But it appears to have been mostly unsuccessful in bringing about greater standardization at these institutions. A relatively new credential; not frequently awarded today but expected to become increasingly common in the next few years. Keyword: BSc Nursing in Pakistan, Pakistan … Like neighboring India, Pakistan has a higher education system made up of relatively few degree-granting universities but close to 3,000 colleges and other teaching institutions that are affiliated with these universities. The traditional degree system was mostly structured into two-year bachelor’s programs (pass degree) followed by a two-year master’s degree (2+2), or more specialized three-year bachelor’s programs (honors degrees) followed by a one-year master’s degree (3+1). Most Pakistani children that participate in education enter school at the age of five. After it was re-introduced, the number of private HEIs grew substantially, helping to absorb the rising demand for higher education. In an attempt to curb expenditures, public universities in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have recently been barred from admitting new students altogether. The language of instruction in higher education is mostly English, but some programs and institutions teach in Urdu. While assistant, associate, and full professors must formally have a PhD, entry-level lecturers in most academic disciplines except engineering, information technology, computer science, medical sciences, law, and studio arts and design can teach with just a master’s degree (18 years of total education). All Rights Reserved. In Pakistan, educational system doesn’t meet the international standards. It has improved greatly in the 20th and 21st centuries, but still tends to rely too heavily on rote memorization and outdated teaching and examination methods. By 2025, the number of tier 1 and 2 university-level institutions is projected to increase from 209 today to 300, serving more than seven million students. PAKISTAN EDUCATION STATISTICS 2016 -17 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 25th Annual Publication since 1992-93. TVET in Pakistan is provided in various forms, from informal industry-based apprenticeship programs to secondary-level skills certificate and diploma programs of one or two years, as well as 10+3 programs that straddle secondary and post-secondary levels. Pakistan has a relatively young higher education sector. Another notable destination country is Germany, where Pakistan is now among the top 20 sending countries after enrollments jumped by 28 percent within just one year, from 3,836 in 2017 to 4,928 in 2018—a trend likely driven, among other factors, by the availability of tuition-free, high-quality graduate programs in engineering. Study is conducted at law schools affiliated to a degree-granting university. This move, while placing decision-making and funding into the hands of those with a greater understanding of local needs, has also created a fragmented system that lacks coordination and has produced uneven educational outcomes in different provinces. According to the Open Doors data of the Institute of International Education, Pakistan sent 7,957 students to the U.S. in 2018/19, an increase of 5.6 percent over the previous year, making it the 22nd most important sending country. Entry to the practice of law requires the completion of a five-year Bachelor of Laws (LLB) program, followed by a period of practical training and passing an examination conducted by one of Pakistan’s provincial Bar Councils. The HEC also recognizes some post-secondary madrasah qualifications (shahadatul alia (12+2), shahadatul almiya (12+2+2), and some others) as equivalent to bachelor’s and master’s degrees in Arabic and Islamic studies. English has been the main language of instruction at the elementary and secondary levels since colonial times. It remains the predominant language of instruction in private schools but has been increasingly replaced with Urdu in public schools. Well the solution is a bit tricky for these problems but these are solved able if authorities and general public join hands together to uproot these issues and problems. While that number is dwarfed by the more than 330,000 degree-seeking students from neighboring India, consider that Pakistan’s outbound mobility ratio—the percentage of international students among all students—is almost three time as high (2.7 percent in 2017) as that of India (1 percent). Islamic religious education has and continues to play a prominent role in Pakistan. Well if we talk about Government then they should equalize the education for each level of classes for syllabus and fesses. The percentage of out-of-school children in the vast province with a small population spread over a large area—a fact that means that there isn’t a school within walking distance for many students—stands at an alarming 70 percent. While Pakistan had a comparatively centralized system of government throughout much of its history, there has been a trend toward decentralization since the early 2000s, notably in education. It includes multimedia to visualize whatever you read, in this way students retain more information as compared to the book alone method. Education has become a business and there are institutes everywhere, there are universities in small buildings and schools in small streets, the idea of a school or university providing not only education but also the opportunity to excel in sports and learn the best of behavior has lost somewhere in the race of being ahead of others. Collaborative Learning . For articulation between the different systems, the HEC recommends converting the old percentage grades to current letter grades as follows. The current study evaluates the local and global trends of education policy in Pakistan. Originally relatively small in number (less than 200 at independence) with a mission to educate religious leaders, madrasahs have grown to a number conservatively estimated at over 30,000. Here you can find the upcoming conference date, conference name and venue. 1. Prominent Pakistani academic Pervez Hoodbhoy, for instance, noted that it isn’t feasible to teach students in remote rural regions like the federally administered tribal areas the same curriculum taught in rich urban neighborhoods in Karachi. Despite this growth, the TVET sector accommodates less than 15 percent of the nearly three million young people who enter the job market each year. A four-year bachelor’s degree requires the completion of 124 to 136 credit units, whereas a master’s degree typically requires 30 credits (either 30 credits of coursework or 24 credits of coursework and 6 credits of thesis, research, or project work). Following are short profiles of the new credit system, the most common grading scale, and the primary benchmark credentials of the current system. Private education features prominently in Pakistani elementary and middle school education, as it helps to bridge capacity gaps in the underfunded public sector. Recent government figures bring this into focus—merely 54 percent of elementary schools have electricity, 67 percent have drinking water, and 68 percent have latrines. In British India, the structure and curricula of secondary education were mandated by British colonial rule and culminated in examinations administered by British education boards. Compulsory subjects include Urdu, English, Islamic education (civics for non-Muslim students), and Pakistan studies along with both required and elective courses in the specific stream. The exam is graded on the 0-100 scale shown below. While it is the norm for a college to affiliate with just one DAI, some—particularly those with more diverse general programs of study—may be affiliated with more than one institution. In short the biggest issue of the education system in our country is that there is not one pattern of everyone. This is all the wonder of education. They include certificates equivalent to the completion of middle school, secondary school (shahadatul sanvia aama), and higher secondary school (shahadatul sanvia aama)—credentials that are formally considered on par with SSC and HSC exams by government authorities. As noted in a recent HEC-sponsored study, “science subjects … are avoided by colleges because there is need of science laboratories to run those programs. [1] When comparing international student numbers, it is important to note that numbers provided by different agencies and governments vary because of differences in data capture methodology, definitions of “international student,” and types of mobility captured (credit, degree, etc.). Pakistan has a secondary education system centered on high-stakes examinations and rote learning. In 2017, for instance, four institutions have been banned from admitting students entirely, while another 13 had their distance learning MPhil and PhD programs suspended. Some private institutions may also accept foreign tests, such as the U.S.-based SAT. In addition, the curriculum includes a range of mandatory core subjects, generally Urdu, English, mathematics, Pakistan studies, and Islamic studies (ethics for non-Muslim students). The assessment of institutions is mostly based on the evaluation of institutional self-assessments and HEC site inspections. There are also sizable numbers of international students from various countries coming to Pakistan to study at Islamic universities or madrasahs. Admission into medical schools (Western or indigenous) and dental schools requires passing entrance examinations and a minimum aggregate score of 60 percent in both the SSC/Matriculation and the HSSC/Intermediate exams in the pre-medical group. Problems Of Education In Pakistan. Witnessing the prospects, people have come to the realization that education is the easiest means of earning—not necessarily confined in the hands of potential investors. Programs may include a thesis or coursework only. As a result, the system is said to be rife with corruption, plagiarism, and fabricated research, with many publications allegedly produced for purely material gains. Given the poor state of Pakistan’s education system and its already rising youth unemployment rate, such fears are anything but unfounded. Higher education institutions (HEIs) generally follow a semester semester system—two semesters of 16 to 18 weeks that run roughly from January through May and then August through December. The exams are conducted by one of the Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE). The provinces of Punjab and Sindh have in recent years introduced standardized province-wide examinations at the end of grades 5 and 8. Since the strength of today’s economies is increasingly based on how well they can harness knowledge and expertise, the role of the higher education system has become crucial in international competition. Social media metrics [objective] 5. Many factors has made the education system of Pakistan rotten to the fundamental. In the U.S., likewise, Pakistani enrollments have generally been on an upward trajectory over the past few years. CURRENT TRENDS IN EDUCATION For over a century, education has remained largely unchanged. On the other hand, Islamic traditions remain very much alive in a society that is up to 96 percent Muslim, the majority of them Sunnis. Most common nomenclature used for name of credentials is Bachelor of (field of study), Five-year programs are offered in architecture, dentistry, homeopathy, law, medicine, pharmacy, veterinary science, and traditional systems of medicine (Unani, Ayurveda, and homeopathic medicine)*. In a recent development, the MFEP announced that madrasah students will sit for federal board examinations and study the national curriculum by 2020 as part of the government’s drive to establish a uniform education system across Pakistan. Punjab province, for example, recently announced that it will begin to use Urdu as the exclusive medium of instruction in schools beginning in 2020. A passing score on the SSC examinations is required to progress to higher secondary education, which is two years in duration (grades 11 and 12) and provided by upper-secondary schools or so-called intermediate colleges, most of them public institutions. The University of the Punjab has five campuses, more than 70 departments, and about 46,000 on-campus students. General government expenditure on education (current, capital, and transfers) is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on all sectors (including health, education, social services, etc.). This situation is exacerbated by striking inequalities based on sex and socioeconomic status. Enrollment ratios have remained largely stagnant in recent years. Other changes include the introduction of a new two-year associate degree and the adoption of a U.S.-style semester and credit system. 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