), corresponding to the Zakeph of the 21 other books, has only a half pausal power, and as a rule none at all where it follows Olewejored, cf. The psalm assigned for last week (Advent 1) included a thrice-repeated refrain that included the petition, “Restore us, O God” (80:3, 7, 19). and I shall give thee the Heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession; by "the Heathen", and "the uttermost parts of the earth", are meant God's elect among the Gentiles, and who live in the distant parts of the world; which are Christ's other sheep, the Father has given to him as his portion, and whom he has made his care and charge: as if it was not enough that he should be King of Zion, or have the government over his chosen ones among the Jews, he commits into his hands the Gentiles also; see Isaiah 49:6; and these are given him as his inheritance and possession, as his portion, to be enjoyed by him; and who esteems them as such, and reckons them a goodly heritage, and a peculiar treasure, his jewels, and the apple of his eye. unites in itself, like γεννᾶν, the ideas of begetting and bearing (lxx γεγέννηκα, Aq. The period is coming when the actual scepter swayed over the nations of the earth will be that of the Son of God, and when his right to give laws and to reign will be acknowledged from the rising to the setting sun. So Jesus hath but to ask and have. In this case, the author is David, and he’s reflecting on nature. The psalm itself doesn’t explicitly tell us whether it’s speaking of David or one of his descendants. majestic as to its author and its matter. Christ toward us acts as a king, but toward his Father as a priest. Psalm 8:2, ESV: "Out of the mouth of babies and infants, you have established strength because of your foes, to still the enemy and the avenger." The line of the strophe becomes thereby more symmetrical, but the expression loses in force. Psalm 2:8, KJV: "Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession." The phrase used here could never have been applied to the limited and narrow country of Palestine. “This supposedly Godforsaken author seems to have been one of the pioneers of the singing guilds set up by David, to which we owe the Korahite psalms (43-49; 84f. refer to the גּוים, the ἔθνη, sunk in heathenism. In the first three verses, the psalmist looks back with thanksgiving at Israel’s deliverance from exile. 128, 1. 8 Aske of me, and I shall giue thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the vttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Psalms 2:8 Context. And this reading is decidedly preferable to the other. He is ours, for he made us, protects us, and takes special care of us. The word would now embrace all the nations which are not under the influence of the true religion. On the instrument of Gath. As the limner looks on the person whose picture he would take, and draws his lines to answer him with the nearest similitude that he can, so God looks on Christ as the archetype to which he will conform the saint, in suffering, in grace, in glory; yet so that Christ hath the preeminence in all. the Lord derides them, d 5 Then he speaks to them in his anger, In this psalm David speaks of the glory of God, and how the glory of man and his destiny reflect upon God. No time is specified when it would be done, and the prophecy will be fulfilled if it shall be accomplished in any period of the history of the world. And I shall give thee - I will give thee. ), one of the richest veins in the Psalter. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. So the saints, the promise makes them kings over their lusts, conquerors over their enemies; but it makes them priests toward God, by prayer humbly to sue out these great things given in the promise. Thus “Christ was to enter upon the exercise of the intercessorial branch of his priestly office, with a request to the Father that the heathen world, &c., … This week’s psalm expands on the motif of restoration. In the transfiguration, we see that same pattern (Matthew 17:1–8; Mark 9:2–8; Luke 9:28–36). Verse 8. In the last part of the psalm, the *vine is a picture of God’s people. For thy possession - That is, as king. The heathen - The nations (notes, Psalm 2:1); that is, the world. ), which renders ποιμανεῖς αὐτοὺς ἐν ῥάβδῳ (as 1 Corinthians 4:21) σιδηρᾷ, points it תּרעם from רעה. 8 Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Ask of me. The staff of iron, according to the Hebrew text the instrument of punitive power, becomes thus with reference to שׁבט as the shepherd's staff Psalm 23:4; Micah 7:14, an instrument of despotism. Ask of me — Claim or demand it of me as thy right by my promise, and thy birth and purchase; the heathen for thine inheritance — To be possessed and enjoyed by thee in the manner of an inheritance, namely, surely and perpetually. Verse 8. The priesthood doth not appear to be settled upon Christ by any other expression than this, "Ask of me." At the same time, … Now if the thee and the for are left out, the verse will read thus, "Ask of me, and I shall give the heathen, thine inheritance, and thy possession, the uttermost parts of the earth." Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. This promise would properly embrace all the world as then known, as it is now known, as it shall be hereafter known. He needs only to be willing, and that He is willing is shown by His appealing to the authority delegated to Him by Jahve against the rebels. Psalm 8:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Psalm 8:2, NIV: "Through the praise of children and infants you have established a stronghold against your enemies, to silence the foe and the avenger." Many commentators suggest that this psalm should be understood as a communal prayer for help, perhaps composed in the early post-exilic period. (Note: We may observe here, in general, that this Gaja (Metheg) which draws the Sheb into the intonation is placed even beside words with the lesser distinctives Zinnor and Rebia parvum only by the Masorete Ben-Naphtali, not by Ben-Asher (both about 950 a.d.). All he speaks to God is by prayer and intercession. Psalm 2 makes a striking claim: in the face of terrifying threats, God creates and preserves order through God’s anointed one, a righteous messiah. The psalm can be divided into three sections: verses 1-3, verses 4-7, and verses 8-13. 468), but the word is become Milel, while out of pause, according to Ben-Asher, it is Milra; but even out of pause (as in Psalm 89:10, Psalm 89:12; Psalm 90:2) it is accented on the penult. How bright this glory shines even in this lower world! The post that ruffled the feathers of a few Osteen Facebook supporters was centered on Psalm 2:8, part of a fuller passage that theologians interpret as applying specifically to the Davidic king, in this case, Jesus Christ: "Ask of Me, and I will give You the nations as Your inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth as Your possession." Psalm 62#In Hebrew texts 62:1-12 is numbered 62:2-13.For the director of music. The birth, life, preaching, miracles, suffering, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus are known through the world. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance. Ask of me. Psalm 2:8 in all English translations. Now he says to him, "Ask of me," and he promises to fulfil his purpose. (Baer, Thorath Emeth p. 5 Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. From this sonship of the Anointed one to Jahve, the Creator and Possessor of the world, flows His claim to and expectation of the dominion of the world. In Acts 4:25-26 he repeated Psalm 2: 3. The Athnach of the books תאם (Ps., Job, Prov. (To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David.) And the apostle tells us, "Ye have not, because ye ask not." The first Psalm was a contrast between the righteous man and the sinner; the second Psalm is a contrast between the tumultuous disobedience of the ungodly world and the sure exaltation of the righteous Son of God. But the rulers of the earth generally have been most active. Psalm 2 is considered to be a royal psalm. 6 Yet haue I set my King vpon my holy hill of Sion. Ask me, and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession. The construction of ספּר with אל (as Psalm 69:27, comp. They lived in it from the Sea in the west to the River in the east, from the mountains in the south to Lebanon in the north, verses 9 … The verb ילד (with the changeable vowel i), (Note: The changeable i goes back either to a primary form ילד, ירשׁ, שׁאל, or it originates directly from Pathach; forms like ירשׁוּה and שׁאלך favour the former, ē in a closed syllable generally going over into Segol favours the latter.)). Now, our conformity to Christ appears, that as the promises made to him were performed upon his prayers to his Father, his promises made to his saints are given to them in the same way of prayer: Ask of me, saith God to his Son, and I shall give thee. Psalms 2:8. To their face he declares this decree, and "Lo! It is evidently supposed in the promise that the Messiah would ask for this; and it is solemnly affirmed that if he did, this wide inheritance would be granted to him. This is the idea involved in the words of the text, and the importance of it will become more apparent, when we consider its application to the spiritual David, to the true Son of God, "whom he hath appointed heir of all things.". against the LORD and against his anointed one: * b. Proud member We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. "Behold my servant, whom I uphold; "yet he prayed "with strong cries and tears," when his feet stood within the shadow of death. Psalms 2:8 Context. It is a clear and judicious explanation of the text, and cannot be dispensed with. Their dominions extended, at any time, but little beyond the bounds of Palestine, and embraced a very limited part of the earth - but a small territory, even as compared with many then existing kingdoms. The office of asking is grounded upon the same authority as the honour of king. Jehovah is either here again introduced speaking, or these words are a continuation of the Son's account of what his Father said unto him; which do not suppose any superiority in the one, or inferiority in the other; but are only expressive of the Father's great respect and affection for his Son, as such a way of speaking among men shows, ( Esther 5:3 ) ( Matthew 14:7 ) ; … (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students: Commenting and Commentaries)Rosscup adds: This is one of the more thorough older exegetical … ; 87f. With נפּץ alternates רעע ( equals רעץ frangere), fut. All the ancient versions, with the exception of the Syriac, read חק־יהוה together. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Psalms 2:7: Psalm 2:7 John 14:2-3 Revelation 19:16 Psalms 2:6 : Psalms 2:8 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. Having died as an atoning sacrifice, and risen again from the dead, he was now to make intercession for mankind; and in virtue and on account of what he had done and suffered, he was, at his request, to have the nations for his … A Psalm of David.It indicates the audience of the psalm (the Chief Musician), the author of the psalm (of David) and the sound of the psalm (the instrument of Gath). Psalm 2:8. The same division is often referred to in the New Testament under the terms Jew and Gentile, as the Greeks divided all the world into Greeks and barbarians. O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy … Whether it be David, or a son of David, or the other David, that is intended, in any case 2 Samuel 7 is to be accounted as the first and oldest proclamation of this decree; for there David, with reference to his own anointing, and at the same time with the promise of everlasting dominion, receives the witness of the eternal sonship to which Jahve has appointed the seed of David in relation to Himself as Father, so that David and his seed can say to Jahve: אבי אתּה, Thou art my Father, Psalm 89:27, as Jahve can to him: בּני אתּה, Thou art My son. William Gurnall, 1617-1679. Psalms 2:9. God laughs at the … iii. That just means, the author wrote it to reflect and meditate on something. The suff. As the limner looks on the person whose picture he would take, and draws his lines to answer him with the nearest similitude that he can, so God looks on Christ as the archetype to which he will … For these his sceptre of dominion (Psalm 90:2) becomes a rod of iron, which will shatter them into a thousand pieces like a brittle image of clay (Jeremiah 19:11). It is the amplificative use of the noun when it is not more precisely determined, known in Arabic grammar: such a decree! Truly he is my rock and m Verse 8. In the time of the writer of the psalm, the world would be spoken of as divided into Hebrews and other nations; the people of God and foreigners. Psalms 2:8. Psalms 2:2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the … תּרע; whereas the lxx (Syr., Jer. Verse 8. Events have shown that it was not intended that it should be speedily accomplished; and events, when no time is specified, should be allowed to be interpreters of the original meaning of the prophecy. Christ's inheritance. That is, he would ultimately give him this possession. And the uttermost parts of the earth - The farthest regions of the world. Acts 4:24–26 in the New Testament attributes it to David. After his resurrection, the Father gives him a power and command of asking. אמר Genesis 20:2; Jeremiah 27:19, דּבּר 2 Chronicles 32:19, הודיע Isaiah 38:19): to narrate or make an announcement with respect to... is minute, and therefore solemn. It was not true of David nor of any other Hebrew monarch that he had conceded to him, in fact, any such possession. The heathen were already "the inheritance," and the ends of the earth "the possession," which God had purposed to give to his Anointed. Commentary on Psalm 2:1-6 (Read Psalm 2:1-6) We are here told who would appear as adversaries to Christ. Turn us again, God. A man named Luke wrote a part of the Bible that we call Acts. 37). The psalm conveys this central theme through a complex polyphonic structure. 8:1,2 The psalmist seeks to give unto God the glory due to his name. A seed is promised to him, and victory over his enemies, yet for both these he prays. For Jeduthun. Jahve has appointed the dominion of the world to His Son: on His part therefore it needs only the desire for it, to appropriate to Himself that which is allotted to Him. Psalm 2 is the second psalm of the Book of Psalms, generally known in English by its first verse, in the King James Version, "Why do the heathen rage".In Latin, it is known as "Quare fremuerunt gentes".Psalm 2 does not identify its author with a superscription. Ask of me, and I shall give thee - Here a second branch of Christ's office as Savior of the world is referred to; viz., his mediatorial office. In the first Psalm, we saw the wicked driven away like chaff; in the second Psalm we see them broken in pieces like a potter's vessel. Truly my soul finds rest in God;my salvation comes from him. For thine inheritance - Thy heritage; thy portion as my Son. a 2 Kings on earth rise up. In v. 1, the psalm recalls that God had “restored the fortunes of Jacob” in the past. and cast off their chains from us!” c 4 The one enthroned in heaven laughs;. As this world is the kingdom of Satan, unconverted men, of every rank, party, and character, are stirred up by him to oppose the cause of God. The world, then, is to be regarded as given by covenant to the Son of God, and in due time he will set up his dominion over the earth, and rule over mankind. "He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision." Psalm 2:8, NASB: "Ask it of Me, and I will certainly give the nations as Your inheritance, And the ends of the earth as Your possession." The cohortative, natural after challenges, follows upon שׁאל, Ges. here", cries the Anointed One, as he holds aloft in that once pierced hand the sceptre of his power, "He hath given me this, not only the right to be a king, but the power to conquer.". This authority has a supplement in Psalm 2:9, which is most terrible for the rebellious ones. All rights reserved. It will be observed in our Bible that two words of verse eight are in italics, intimating that they are not translations of the Hebrew, but additions made for the purpose of elucidating the meaning. by Ben-Naphtali. And in particular he’s meditating on man’s place in relation to nature. Isaiah 42:1 . And the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. ἔτεκον); what is intended is an operation of divine power exalted above both, and indeed, since it refers to a setting up (נסך) in the kingship, the begetting into a royal existence, which takes place in and by the act of anointing (משׁח). 7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. He tells us there that Herod and Pilate were 2 of the leaders that the Psalm … Every saint must suffer, because Christ suffered: Christ must not have a delicate body under a crucified head; yet never any suffered, or could, what he endured. This, on the earth, was be to his possession as the Son of Yahweh, constituted as king. And when God says, "I will give," etc., he reveals to his Anointed, not so much in what the inheritance consisted, and what was the extent of possession destined for him, as the promise of his readiness to bestow it. and the uttermost parts of the earth—(Ps 22:27); denotes universality. (f) Not only the Jews but the Gentiles also. It was a custom among great kings, to give to favoured ones whatever they might ask. It has never been cancelled or recalled, and though its fulfillment has seemed to be long delayed, yet as no time was specified, its spirit and meaning have not been disregarded. The Psalm speaks of his investiture in his kingly office; the apostle refers this to his priesthood, his commission for both took date at the same time; both bestowed, both confirmed by the same authority. Ask me, and I will make the nations your … This is the only thing in the future that is certainly known to us, and this is enough to make everything in that future bright. William Jay. It may be remarked here. “Hear us, Shepherd of Israel” … But they always had to return to their daily reality. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. In fact, the text of Psalm 2 contains no less than three discrete voices: the voice of God, the voice … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 2" ), and that on the definite day on which He has begotten or born him into this relationship of son. What Psalm 2 means. God hath promised support to Christ in all his conflicts. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Psalm 8 Commentary: Structure Body of Psalm […] Ruling belonged to his royal office, asking to his priestly. Jahve has declared to Him: בּני אתּה, (Note: Even in pause here אתּה remains without a lengthened ā (Psalter ii. PSALM 2 * A Psalm for a Royal Coronation. Verse 8. See the notes at Hebrews 1:4. Clarke's Psalms 2:8 Bible Commentary. Psalm 2:8 - Ask me, and I will make the nations - Bible Gateway. 6 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. Christ is holy, and therefore so shall every saint be, but in an inferior degree; an image cut in clay cannot be so exact as that engraved on gold. 3 “Let us break their shackles. and princes plot together. Read full chapter. It implies that by some previous arrangement on the part of God, he had already assigned an inheritance of the heathen, and the possession of the earth, to the person of whom he says, "Thou art my Son." These words respect the calling of the Gentiles under the Gospel dispensation; and the amplitude of Christ's kingdom in all the earth, which shall be from sea to sea, and from the rivers to the ends of the earth. Psalm 8 – The Glory of God in Creation. When we remember that Heman wrote this psalm, who lived a blessed life in many ways (see notes on this psalm’s title), we realize that God used even this painful season for good. אל־חק rightly has Olewejored. Psalm 85:1-2, 8-13 Commentary by Rolf Jacobson. In other words, it’s a psalm about the king of Israel – the ruler who either was David himself or one who descended from David. Self-confident and fearless, he can and will oppose to those, who now renounce their allegiance to him, a חק, i.e., an authentic, inviolable appointment, which can neither be changed nor shaken. This is a point which has not been observed throughout even in Baer's edition of the Psalter so that consequently e.g., in Psalm 5:11 it is to be written אלהים; in Psalm 6:2 on the other hand (with Dech) יהוה, not יהוה.). And as we see in Psalm 27, Israel got at least a taste of that experience whenever the people went up to the sanctuary on Zion. Here he declares that his very enemies are his inheritance. 7 I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said vnto mee, Thou art my sonne, this day haue I begotten thee. (b) The promise is to be understood as still in full force. 1 Why do the nations protest. There is an allusion here to the fact that he had constituted him as his Son, and hence, it was proper to speak of him as the heir of all things. He brought them from Egypt to the *Promised Land of Israel, verse 8. Salem Media Group. Psalm 2 explains that God's plan of redemption was to return man's dominion over the world through Christ, to make the nations His inheritance and to give Him the ends of … Psalm 8 Commentary: Psalm 8 is a reflective or meditative psalm. A psalm of David. Cause your face to shine, and we will be saved. Thus understood, the psalm has no orignal reference to the Messiah, but still it contains the principle on which the apostle reasons in Hebrews 2, for the dignity of man is most seen in the Redeemer, and the actual conferring of all the dignity and honor referred to in the psalm - the actual and entire subjugation of the earth to man - will be found only in the universal dominion conceded to Him. of ( Esther 5:6 Matthew 14:7 .) Verse 8. 8 Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. The title of this psalm reads, To the Chief Musician. (c) The promise will yet be fulfilled. Ask of me — Claim or demand it of me as thy right by my promise, and thy birth and purchase; the heathen for thine inheritance — To be possessed and enjoyed by thee in the manner of an inheritance, namely, surely and perpetually. Psalm 9:7; Psalm 14:4; Psalm 25:7; Psalm 27:4; Psalm 31:14; Psalm 35:15, etc. According to the Talmud, Psalm 2 is a continuation of Psalm 1. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 89 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: This is one of eleven Royal Psalms (2, 18, 20, 21, 45, 72, 89, 101, 110, 132, 144) that deal with the role of Israel's king in the spiritual life of the nation. Psalm 2:8, NLT: "Only ask, and I will give you the nations as your inheritance, the whole earth as your possession." Verses 1 – 3: Though all the good kings of Israel were messiahs (God's kings) it is really about Jesus the Messiah. JOSEPH A ALEXANDER Psalms Commentary (1864) Spurgeon had high praise for Alexander's work writing that it "Occupies a first place among expositions. Stephen Charnock. and the peoples conspire in vain? Because even the best of Israelite kings were flawed (a) that this can have its fulfillment only in the Lord Jesus Christ. Ask of me.
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