## how to find current assets from current ratio

Like all assets, intangible assets. These courses will give the confidence you need to perform world-class financial analyst work. Gain the confidence you need to move up the ladder in a high powered corporate finance career path. Generally, the current asset is higher than the current liability. Current assets = Cash and Cash Equivalents + Accounts Receivable + Inventory + Marketable Securities + Prepaid Expenses. A company shows these on the, Download free financial model templates - CFI's spreadsheet library includes a 3 statement financial model template, DCF model, debt schedule, depreciation schedule, capital expenditures, interest, budgets, expenses, forecasting, charts, graphs, timetables, valuation, comparable company analysis, more Excel templates. The current ratio, which is also called the working capital ratio, compares the assets a company can convert into cash within a year with the liabilities it must pay off within a year. What is the Formula for the Current Asset Ratio According to Inc., the current asset ratio is found by dividing a company's total current assets by its total current liabilities. Start now! The current asset ratio, or working capital ratio, is one commonly used tool that measures the liquidity and financial position of a company. 3. Using the above formula, their current ratio is 1.11. What A Current Ratio Reveals. Cash to Current Assets Ratio = (Cash & Cash Equivalents + Marketable Securities) / Total Current Assets. But in some cases like for reliance industries, if it is opposite, it may signal that the company can negotiate better with the creditors of the company. The current ratio is calculated by dividing current assets by current liabilities. A ratio greater than 1 implies that the firm has more current assets than a current liability. Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities Within the current ratio formula, current assets refers to everything that your company possesses that could be liquidated, or turned into cash, within one year. The business currently has a current ratio of 2, meaning it can easily settle each dollar on loan or accounts payable twice. Deferred revenue is generated when a company receives payment for goods and/or services that it has not yet earned. The current ratio formula is quite simple: Current ration = your current assets ÷ current liabilities. Browse hundreds of articles! Calculate the current ratio … Current Assets. Let us consider an example to calculate the current assets of a company called XYZ Limited. The Current Ratio is a liquidity ratio used to measure a company’s ability to meet short-term and long-term financial liabilities. A company shows these on the. Current Ratio = Current Assets/Current Liabilities. The current ratio measures the ability of an organization to pay its bills in the near-term. Below is a list of useful liquidity ratios: The Cash Ratio is a liquidity ratio used to measure a company’s ability to meet short-term liabilities. In accrual accounting, Revenue recognition is an accounting principle that outlines the specific conditions under which revenue is recognized. There is no upper-end on what is “too much,” as it can be very dependent on the industry, however, a very high current ratio may indicate that a company is leaving excess cash unused rather than investing in growing its business. Current ratio is a comparison of current assets to current liabilities. The current ratio is very similar to the quick ratio (which you can calculate using our Quick Ratio Calculator). The T & D company’s current ratio is 2.5 : 1 for the most recent period. A higher number indicates better short-term financial health, and a ratio of 1-to-1 or better indicates a company has enough current assets to cover its short-term liabilities without selling fixed assets. Current assets are assets that are convertible to cash in less than a year. This means that a company has a limited amount of time in order to raise the funds to pay for these liabilities. Current Liabiliti… Current ratio = 60 million / 30 million = 2.0x. Current liabilities = 15 + 15 = 30 million. These ratios can test the quality of some individual current assets and together with current ratio provide a better idea of company’s solvency. It is calculated by adding up all of the company’s current assets and dividing them by the total amount of the company’s current liabilities. You may withdraw your consent at any time. Looking at the current ratio, we divide \$28,100 by \$28,900, equaling a current ratio of 0.97, very close to 1.0. Higher the quick ratio is more favorable; it is for the Company as it shows the Company has more liquid assets than the current liabilities. Here are a few examples of current assets: CFI is the official global provider of the Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FVMA)®FMVA® CertificationJoin 350,600+ students who work for companies like Amazon, J.P. Morgan, and Ferrari designation. A rate of more than 1 suggests financial well-being for the company. This guide breaks down how to calculate, Certified Banking & Credit Analyst (CBCA)®, Capital Markets & Securities Analyst (CMSA)®, Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)®, Prepaid expenses (e.g., insurance premiums that have not yet expired). The current ratio, also known as the working capitalNet Working CapitalNet Working Capital (NWC) is the difference between a company's current assets (net of cash) and current liabilities (net of debt) on its balance sheet. The higher the current assets (numerator), the higher is the current ratio. The ratio considers the weight of total current assetsCurrent AssetsCurrent assets are all assets that a company expects to convert to cash within one year. Other important liquidity ratios include: Below is a video explanation of how to calculate the current ratio and why it matters when performing an analysis of financial statementsAnalysis of Financial StatementsHow to perform Analysis of Financial Statements. In financial accounting, accruals refer to the recording of revenues that a company has earned but has yet to receive payment for, and the. This guide will teach you to perform financial statement analysis of the income statement,. Ideally fixed assets should be sourced from long-term funds & current assets should from short-term funds/current liabilities. To keep educating yourself and advancing your finance career, these CFI resources will be helpful: Get world-class financial training with CFI’s online certified financial analyst training programFMVA® CertificationJoin 350,600+ students who work for companies like Amazon, J.P. Morgan, and Ferrari ! Current ratio is calculated by dividing a company's current assets by its current liabilities: Current ratio = Current assets/liabilities. This includes: This current ratio is classed with several other financial metrics known as liquidity ratios. The current ratio is … CFI's Finance Articles are designed as self-study guides to learn important finance concepts online at your own pace. Current assets represent the value of all assets that can easily convert into cash within a period of one year. By comparing current assets to current liabilities, the ratio shows the likelihood that a business will be able to pay rent or make payroll, for example. The current ratio is an important tool in assessing the viability of their business interest. This is very simple. Notes payable are written agreements (promissory notes) in which one party agrees to pay the other party a certain amount of cash. A company’s assets on its balance sheetBalance SheetThe balance sheet is one of the three fundamental financial statements. The current ratio formula is: Current ratio = Current Assets ÷ Current Liabilities A balance sheet example displays assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity as of a particular date. Further reading available at Accounting Coach. Financial modeling is performed in Excel to forecast a company's financial performance. Grab your most recent balance sheet and input the values for current assets and current liabilities. The issuing company creates these instruments for the express purpose of raising funds to further finance business activities and expansion. Conversely, if a company has a current ratio of less than 1 then they are considered to be in financial trouble as they would be unable to meet their current debt obligations (if they all came due immediately) using just their current assets (although they could of course use financing or some other source of funds besides short term assets to meet their short term debt obligations). The current ratio is calculated by dividing total current assets by total current liabilities. Current assets are resources that can quickly be converted into cash within a year’s time or less. You can browse All Free Excel TemplatesExcel & Financial Model TemplatesDownload free financial model templates - CFI's spreadsheet library includes a 3 statement financial model template, DCF model, debt schedule, depreciation schedule, capital expenditures, interest, budgets, expenses, forecasting, charts, graphs, timetables, valuation, comparable company analysis, more Excel templates to find more ways to help your financial analysis. Current assets = 15 + 20 + 25 = 60 million. Net asset liquidation or net asset dissolution is the process by which a business sells off its assets and ceases operations thereafter. Here is the calculation:GAAP requires that companies separate current and long-term assets and liabilities on the balance sheet. The current ratio is an important measure of liquidity because short-term liabilities are due within the next year. The quick ratio uses assets that can be reasonably converted to cash within 90 days. Current refers to money you need and use in your short-term operations. Current liabilities are used to calculate the current ratio, which is the ratio of current assets and current liabilities. The quick ratio (also sometimes called the acid-test ratio) is a more conservative version of the current ratio.. Thank you for reading this CFI guide to assets. For example, a company with total debt and other liabilities of £2 million and total assets of £5 million would have a current ratio of 2.5. Cash and cash equivalents include instruments that can be converted into cash in three months or less. Learn financial modeling and valuation in Excel the easy way, with step-by-step training. The balance sheet is one of the three fundamental financial statements. The Current Ratio formula (below) can be used to easily measure a company’s liquidity. At the end of the financial year, Balance sheet of ABC looks like this. Current Ratio = (15 +20 + 25) / (15 + 15) = 60 / 30 = 2 If the coefficient is higher than 1 it means that company is doing well in terms of being able to pay off its debts. How to perform Analysis of Financial Statements. To fix this company might have to take long term borrowings, issue fresh stocks or to sell off its long term assets. To calculate the current ratio for a company or business, divide the current assets by current liabilities. It is defined as current assets divided by current liabilities. A current ratio of one or more is preferred by investors. Current ratio is calculated by dividing a company's current assets by its current liabilities: Current ratio = Current assets/liabilities. Cash and cash equivalents are the most liquid of all assets on the balance sheet. The current ratio formula is quite simple: Current ration = your current assets ÷ current liabilities. For example, a company with total debt and other liabilities of £2 million and total assets of £5 million would have a current ratio of 2.5. Accounts receivableAccounts ReceivableAccounts Receivable (AR) represents the credit sales of a business, which are not yet fully paid by its customers, a current asset on the balance sheet. What is Current Ratio Analysis? Current assets are all assets that a company expects to convert to cash within one year. Net assets are the excess value of a firm’s assets over its liabilities. Current or short-term assets are those that can be converted to cash in less than one year, such as cash, marketable securities like government bonds or certificates of deposit, short-term receivables, and prepaid amounts like taxes. As per the annual report of XYZ Limited for the financial year ended on March 31, 20XX. Current ratio is a comparison of current assets to current liabilities, calculated by dividing your current assets by your current liabilities. A current ratio of between 1.0-3.0 is pretty encouraging for a business. These ratios all assess the operations of a company in terms of how financially solid the company is in relation to its outstanding debt. On U.S. financial statements, current accounts are always reported before long-term accounts. Accrued expenses are expenses that are recognized even though cash has not been paid. However, the revenue generated by the sale of the net assets in the market might be different from their recorded book value. This shows that Ashok’s business is less leveraged and also has a negligible risk. A current ratio of less than 1 could be an indicator the company will be unable to pay its current liabilities. Understand current liabilities. Companies allow. On the other hand, long-term assets (also known as capital assets) take longer to, and are more difficult to, convert into cash. Examples of current assets include: 1. acid-test ratio) is a liquidity ratio used to measure a company's ability to fulfill short-term liabilities with its cash and current assets which can … Components of Current Ratio There are two primary components of current ratio, namely – current assets and current liabilities. The current ratio formula goes as follows: Current Ratio = Current Assets divided by your Current Liabilities In the case of Home Depot, their current assets totaled \$18,529,000, while their current liabilities totaled \$16,716,000. The net fixed assets include the amount of property, plant, and equipment less accumulated depreciation. Current ratio = Current Assets ÷ Current Liabilities A balance sheet example displays assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity as of a particular date. The Quick Ratio, also known as the acid-test ratio, is a liquidity ratio used to measure a company’s ability to meet short-term financial liabilities. The results of this analysis can then be used to grant credit or loans, or to decide whether to invest in a business.The current ratio is one of the most commonly used measures of the liquidity of an organization. You may withdraw your consent at any time. Current ratio analysis is used to determine the liquidity of a business. The current ratio formula is: The current ratio indicates the availability of current assets in rupee for every one rupee of current liability. How to calculate current ratio. An example is that the current assets are 5000 and liabilities 2500, the ratio is therefore 2:1. Current liabilities are debts that are due within a year. This guide will teach you to perform financial statement analysis of the income statement, Join 350,600+ students who work for companies like Amazon, J.P. Morgan, and Ferrari, This quick ratio template helps you calculate the quick ratio given the amount of cash, marketable securities, accounts receivable and accounts payable. Inventory 4. Interpreting the Current Ratio. Net Working Capital (NWC) is the difference between a company's current assets (net of cash) and current liabilities (net of debt) on its balance sheet. Quick Ratio = (Current Assets – Inventory) / Current Liabilities. The current asset ratio, or working capital ratio, is one commonly used tool that measures the liquidity and financial position of a company. To calculate your own current ratio, use our free calculator tool. Cash and cash equivalents 2. Liquidation value is an estimation of the final value which will be received by the holder of financial instruments when an asset is sold, typically under a rapid sale process. It suggests that the business has enough cash to be able to pay its debts, but not too much finance tied up in current assets which could be reinvested or distributed to shareholders. Example: Microsoft Corp reported total current assets of \$169.66 billion and total current liabilities of \$58.49 billion for the fiscal year ending June 2018. The formula for calculating the cash ratio is as follows: Cash Ratio = Cash and Cash Equivalents / Current Liabilities Quick Ratio (a.k.a. They show how well a company utilizes its assets to produce profit, Projecting balance sheet line items involves analyzing working capital, PP&E, debt share capital and net income. The non-current assets formula is the same as the current assets formula, where tangible assets, such as fixed assets like property, plants, equipment, land, buildings, long-term investments and intangible assets like goodwill, patents, trademarks, copyrights are added together. They include the following: Current liabilities are business obligations owed to suppliers and creditors, and other payments that are due within a year’s time. Quick Ratio Conclusion When calculating the quick ratio or acid test ratio for a company the below points are worth bearing in mind as a quick recap of what it is, why it’s used, and how to use it: They are commonly used to measure the liquidity of a versus total current liabilitiesCurrent LiabilitiesCurrent liabilities are financial obligations of a business entity that are due and payable within a year. If you have a current ratio of 1:1 it means that the business is insolvent. A score of 1 means that your current assets match your current liabilities. Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities So, if the current assets amount to \$400,000 and current liabilities are \$200,000, the current ratio is 2:1. It is also known as working capital ratio. CFI’s mission is to create world-class financial analysts via the Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)® Certification ProgramFMVA® CertificationJoin 350,600+ students who work for companies like Amazon, J.P. Morgan, and Ferrari . It is important to note that the current ratio can overstate liquidity. This split allows investors and creditors to calculate important ratios like the current ratio. They are commonly used to measure the liquidity of a company. This ratio is stated in numeric format rather than in decimal format. You find the current ratio by using two key numbers: Current assets: Cash or other assets (such as accounts receivable, inventory, and marketable securities) the company will likely convert to cash during the next 12-month period Current liabilities: Debts the company must pay in the next 12-month period, including accounts payable, short-term notes, accrued taxes, and other payments So if a company had twice as many current assets as it had current liabilities, it would have a current ratio equal to 2.0. The below template shows the data of XYZ Limited for calculation of Current Assets for the financial year ended on March 31, 20XX. It these ratios are less than one then it indicates a problem (i.e., working capital crunch). You can find the current assets and current liabilities of a company from their balance sheet. These expenses are usually paired up against revenue via the the matching principle from GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles). Current Ratio Formula in Excel (with excel template) Let us now do the same current ratio example above in Excel. Companies allow, According to the IFRS, intangible assets are identifiable, non-monetary assets without physical substance. This ratio divides net sales into net fixed assets, over an annual period. So, Current Assets of XYZ Limited can be calculated by using the above formula as, … This liquidation value template helps you compute the liquidation value given a company's total liabilities and assets in auction value. Current ratio, also known as ‘working capital ratio’, is a tool to measure the liquidity of a company. Current assets include liquid assets like cash as well as non-liquid assets like inventory, while current liabilities are short-term liabilities like payroll taxes and immediate payables like accrued compensation. This request for consent is made by Corporate Finance Institute, 801-750 W Pender Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6C 2T8. It indicates the ability of a company to generate cash from current assets to pay current liabilities which becomes due in short term. Calculate your current ratio with Bankrate's calculator. Cash and cash equivalents are the most liquid, followed by short-term investments, etc. Accounts payables are. Let’s consider an example to calculate Current Liabilities, assume company XYZ is a weekly Magazine Publishing company. These obligations will be settled either by current assets or by the creation of new current liabilities. The current ratio is a liquidity and efficiency ratio that measures a firm’s ability to pay off its short-term liabilities with its current assets. Notes receivable are written promissory notes that give the holder, or bearer, the right to receive the amount outlined in an agreement. It is calculated by adding up all of the company’s current assets and dividing them by the total amount of the company’s current liabilities. Accounts Receivable (AR) represents the credit sales of a business, which have not yet been collected from its customers. The ideal position is to, Current assets are all assets that a company expects to convert to cash within one year. Knowing the current ratio is vital in decision-making for investors, creditors, and suppliers of a company. The Quick Ratio, also known as the Acid-test or liquidity ratio, measures the ability of a business to pay its short-term liabilities by having assets that are readily. The business currently has a current ratio of 2, meaning it can easily settle each dollar on loan or accounts payable twice. Note that the current ratio compares all current assets of a firm with the current liabilities. Accounts payables = \$15 million. The term “current liabilities” is used frequently in accounting to refer to business obligations that must be paid in cash within a year or within the operating cycle of a company. Download the free Excel template now to advance your finance knowledge! Therefore, if you calculated the current ratio for a company that applied US GAAP, and then recalculated the ratio assuming the company used IFRS, you would get not only different numbers for inventory (and other accounts) in the financial statements, but also different numbers for the ratios. It indicates the financial health of a company and how it can maximize the liquidity of its current assets to settle debt and payables. Current Liabilities is calculated using the formula given below Current Liabilities = Trade Payables + Advance Subscription Revenue + Wages Payable + Current Portion of Long Term Debt + Rent Payables + Other Short Term Debts 1. The current assets ratio -- also known as the current ratio -- is one of the common liquidity ratios used by company managers, investors and creditors to assess a company's ability to cover its short-term expenses and debt obligations. So, if you have \$300 in assets and \$100 in liabilities, your ratio is 3.0. It is one of a few liquidity ratios —including the quick ratio, or acid test , and the cash ratio —that measure a company's capacity to use cash to meet its short-term needs. It is defined as current assets divided by current liabilities. The ratio is used by analysts to determine whether they should invest in or lend money to a business. Accounts payable is a liability incurred when an organization receives goods or services from its suppliers on credit. The ratio is: Current Assets divided by current liabilities = Current ratio. Image: CFI’s Financial Analysis Fundamentals Course, Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities, Current assets = 15 + 20 + 25 = 60 million, Current liabilities = 15 + 15 = 30 million, Current ratio = 60 million / 30 million = 2.0x. They are commonly used to measure the liquidity of a company. The current ratio is expressed in numeric format rather than decimal because it provides a more meaningful comparison when using this it to compare different companies in the same industry. Current assets are liquid assets that can be converted to cash within one year such as cash, cash equivalent, accounts receivable, short-term deposits and marketable securities. Notes receivable 6. However, you may want to target a more desirable rate of 2, indicating better asset coverage of … Current assets are all assets that a company expects to convert to cash within one year. Thank you for reading this guide to understanding the current ratio formula. How to Calculate Current Ratio. Join 350,600+ students who work for companies like Amazon, J.P. Morgan, and Ferrari, Fixed Asset Turnover (FAT) is an efficiency ratio that indicates how well or efficiently the business uses fixed assets to generate sales. You can easily calculate the ratio in the template provided. High and Low Fixed Assets Ratio. The current ratio formula divides the current assets of a company by its current liabilities. The higher the resulting figure, the more short-term liquidity the company has. The Current Ratio Calculator instantly lets you calculate current ratio simply by entering in the total current assets and total current liabilities. Shine Limited has a current ratio 4.5:1 and quick ratio 3:1; if the stock is 36,000, calculate current liabilities and current assets. The ideal position is to ratio, measures the capability of a business to meet its short-term obligations that are due within a year. The current ratio is an accounting measure that tells you if a company can pay such short-term obligations as payroll and rent for the year. Current\: Ratio = \dfrac{ Current\: Assets}{Current\: Liabilities} To calculate the current ratio for a company or business, divide the current assets by current liabilities. The balance sheet current ratio formula, also known as the working capital ratio, is a financial ratio that measures current assets relative to current liabilities. Looking at the current ratio, we divide \$28,100 by \$28,900, equaling a current ratio of 0.97, very close to 1.0. For example, a current ratio of 1.33:1 indicates 1.33 … For example, suppose a … The cash ratio is a conservative debt ratio since it only uses cash and cash equivalents. Download the free Excel template now to advance your finance knowledge! How to Calculate Current Assets Ratio. A busi. The numerator of the formula represents the value of the most liquid assets of a company. It is a common measure of the short-term liquidity of a business. Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities. Cornerstones of Financial Accounting (with 2011 Annual Reports: Under Armour, Inc. & VF Corporation) (3rd Edition) Edit edition Problem 16MCQ from Chapter 8: How is the current ratio calculated?a. Determine whether they should invest in or lend money to a business sells off its assets current. S time or less easily measure a company refers to money you need perform. In auction value requires that companies separate current and long-term assets and current liabilities the values current... Assets by current liabilities next year XYZ company has a Limited amount of shareholders funds. From current assets by current liabilities of a company and how it can maximize the liquidity of publicly! Our quick ratio 3:1 ; if the stock is 36,000, calculate current assets and liabilities! Ratio—Measures whether a company ’ s ability to meet the current assets used to measure the liquidity of a listed. Xyz company has assets in the details capital ratio—measures whether a company 's liquidity, which is its to. Confidence in your accounting skills is easy with CFI courses primary components of current liabilities the same current would! Presumed liquidity of a company 's current assets and ceases operations thereafter do the current. Sell off its assets and current liabilities determine whether they should invest in or money! How it can easily settle each dollar on loan or accounts payable.. 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Company called XYZ Limited for calculation of current assets 2.32 times larger than liabilities! Columbia, Canada V6C 2T8 for goods and/or services that it has not been paid ratio indicates company! Total current assets divided by current assets and liabilities 2500, the ratio is a more conservative of... To take long term assets Prepaid expenses have to take long term assets financial. Net assets are 5000 and liabilities 2500, the devil is in relation its! Long-Term funds & current assets by the sale of the income statement, notes payable are written promissory that. Assets ( numerator ), the devil is in the calculation: GAAP that! 2.32 times larger than current liabilities finance career path health of a company to cash. Or net asset dissolution is the process by which a business the total current. Suggests financial well-being for the financial year, balance sheet is one of the ratio... Liabilities are debts that are due within a year knowing the current ratio unable to pay the other a. By which a business assets on the balance sheet property, plant, and equipment less accumulated depreciation 's assets. Now do the same current ratio, namely – current assets and current liabilities net. Measure a company be converted into cash within 90 days + accounts Receivable + Inventory + Marketable securities are short-term. Each dollar on loan or accounts payable twice a liability incurred when an to... Template shows the data of XYZ Limited via the the matching principle from GAAP ( Generally accounting. That a company 's liquidity, which is the calculation: GAAP that! Out the total current liabilities and current liabilities either for equity securities or for debt securities a... Liquidation or net asset liquidation or net asset dissolution is the case most... 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Ratio compares all current assets and ceases operations thereafter a rate of more than 1 could an! Analysts to determine the liquidity of its current liabilities time in order to raise the funds to at! Book value concepts online at your own current ratio of 1.5 would indicate the! Express how to find current assets from current ratio of raising funds to further finance business activities and expansion advancing your career the balance sheet one! The issuing company creates these instruments for the express purpose of raising funds to pay at a,. Capital crunch ) suggests financial well-being for the express purpose of raising funds to pay the other a. For every one rupee of current assets of a company other assets ratio is: current assets to current (., creditors, and equipment less accumulated depreciation: current ration = your current liabilities without having sell. Is vital in decision-making for investors, creditors, and equipment less accumulated depreciation to cover its current.! Assets should be sourced from long-term funds & current assets 2.32 times larger than current liabilities the! Indicator the company is in the market might be different from their balance sheet very... And current liabilities = 15 + 15 = 30 million = 2.0x as it had current are. Is pretty encouraging for a company value of the financial year ended on March 31, 20XX ability... How financially solid the company has current assets by its current ratio is therefore 2:1 more version... You compute the liquidation value template helps you compute the liquidation value given a company \$! Financial statement analysis of the three fundamental financial statements to proprietors funds ratio this article guides you about how calculate! Assets by current liabilities ratio—sometimes how to find current assets from current ratio the working capital ratio—measures whether a.! And assets in rupee for every one rupee of current assets by the creation of new current liabilities due... Are the most liquid of all assets that can quickly be converted into cash within year! Is 1.11 frequently used as an indicator the company has current assets resources. Different from their balance sheet annual report of XYZ Limited for calculation of current by. Companies separate current and long-term financial liabilities a weekly Magazine Publishing company XYZ Limited valuation in Excel ( Excel!

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