gertrude bell biography

Author : Gertrude Bell File Size : 88.32 MB Format : PDF, Docs Download : 119 Read : 270 . Gertrude Bell is best remembered for playing a key role in establishing modern-day Iraq after World War I. She was a key member in Brit Her vast correspondence was published in an edited form in two volumes by her stepmother in 1927. She described this journey in her book, Persian Pictures. Gertrude Bell Biographie. Noté /5. Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell was born on July 14, 1868, in Durham, England. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). She was at one time the most powerful woman in the British Empire: a nation builder, the driving force behind the creation of modern-day Iraq. Gertrude Bell was born into a wealthy family in the English county of Durham on July 14, 1868. They ordered her home instead (the young man died nine months later). Her grandfather, Sir Isaac Daughter of the Desert: The Remarkable Life of Gertrude Bell by Georgina Howell Pan Macmillan £20, pp518. Archéologue, aventurière, agent secret, Gertrude Bell, Christel Mouchard, Lgf. Gertrude Bell : biography 14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926 Her work was specially mentioned in the British Parliament, and she was awarded the Order of the British Empire. E. Benn, 1958 and 1961. Updates? Gertrude Bell Gertrude Margret Lowthian Bell, född 14 juli 1868 i Washington Hall, County Durham, England, Storbritannien, död 12 juli 1926 i Bagdad i Irak, var en brittisk forskningsresande och arkeolog. This is the third biography that I've read on this remarkable woman and by far the best. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The British intelligence bureau in Cairo hired Bell as an advisor on Arabia. Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £25. Deux années plus tard, elle suit les troupes britanniques traversant la Mésopotamie en direction de Bagdad afin de chasser l’armée ottomane. At sixteen she attended Queens College and then went to Lady Margaret Hall, a womens college at Oxford University. Bell's uncle, Sir Frank Lascelles, was British minister at Tehran, Persia. Some consider the present troubles in Iraq are derived from the lines Bell helped draw to create its borders. Gertrude Bell stands between Samuel and pilot. She was a fearless trailblazer who spurned the comforts of Victorian England for a life of adventure and accomplishment, including extensive exploration through uncharted Arabia in the uneasy last days of the Ottoman Empire. In 1899 Bell studied Arabic in Jerusalem. After a short period of war work in England and France, she plunged into the rough-and-tumble of Middle East politics, mainly in Mesopotamia, where she served in turn under Sir Percy Cox and Sir Arnold Wilson. Pilot in flight suit greets Sir Herbert Samuel. We still tend to see Gertrude Bell as a woman. She was a multifaceted talent who used her experience from plenty of travels to the Middle East to frame and influence policies of the British Empire. Gertrude B. Elion a joué un grand rôle dans les progrès des sciences pharmacologiques aux États-Unis. In 1909 she left from Aleppo in Syria and traveled through the valley of the Euphrates River to Baghdad, visiting Babylonian sites along the way. In January 1905 Bell made her first extended trip to the Middle East. Gertrude Bell is the sort of subject who requires both burdens to be carried well. Verified Purchase. She also went to the Shi'ite holy city of Karbala. 'The … Along the way Bell was robbed of her money and, most importantly, her notebooks. Gertrude Bell : biography 14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926 Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE (14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926) was an English writer, traveller, political officer, administrator, archaeologist and spy who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-making due to her skill and contacts, built up through extensive travels […] Gertrude Bell (1868-1926), ca. There she met a young diplomat and wrote to her parents asking for permission to marry him. In May 1892, after leaving Oxford, Bell travelled to Persia to visit him. Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE (14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926) was an English writer, traveller, political officer, administrator, spy and archaeologist who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-making due to her knowledge and contacts, built up through extensive travels in Greater Syria, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and Arabia. She died on July 12, 1926 in Baghdad, Mandatory Iraq. Oct 26, 2008 Caroline rated it really liked it. Facing ill health and profound loneliness, Bell took a fatal dose of sleeping pills and died July 12, 1926, in Baghdad. Découvrez des commentaires utiles de client et des classements de commentaires pour [(Gertrude Bell: A Biography * *)] [by: H.V.F. She also started and directed the Iraq Museum. 5.0 out of 5 stars A REMARKABLE BIOGRAPHY OF GERTRUDE BELL. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) was the best known traveler in the Middle East and Arabia in the years before World War I. She never wrote a full account of this journey, though her literary output during the 20 years preceding World War I had been considerable, including Safar Nameh (1894), Poems from the Divan of Hafiz (1897), The Desert and the Sown (1907), The Thousand and One Churches (1909), and Amurath to Amurath (1911). Au Musée national d’Irak à Bagdad, dont Gertrude Bell fut à l’origine de la fondation et qui fut terriblement pillé suite à l’invasion américaine, il y avait autrefois un buste en sa mémoire sur lequel on pouvait lire: «Gertrude Bell, dont la mémoire sera toujours tenue en affection par les Arabes». This knowledge was to be of great value. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. She spent much of the next decade travelling around the world, mountaineering in Switzerland, and developing a passion for archaeology and languages. Bell was very involved in the political negotiations that divided the Arab world into new countries and established British political influence in the Middle East. In 1888 Bell earned a degree from the University of Oxford. Explore books by Gertrude Bell with our selection at Waterstones.com. Her father owned an iron works. Gertrude Bell: Explorer, Archaeologist, Diplomat and Spy (2013) British "Queen of Iraq" rests in Baghdad cemetery She traveled through Syria to Cilicia and Konya in Asia Minor (Turkey). Poems from the Divan of Hafiz. The Victorian Age saw the emergence of many individuals who made a name for themselves by adventure and exploration around the world, but for a woman to achieve her feats was phenomenal; not only did she escape from the restraints that Victorian society imposed on women, but she also entered a man's world and excelled. Perhaps her greatest work was a masterly official report on the administration of Mesopotamia during the difficult period between the Armistice of 1918 and the Iraq rebellion of 1920. Goodman, Susan. In 1907 Bell returned to Asia Minor with the British archeologist Sir William Ramsay to help excavate early Christian churches. • Bell, Gertrude (1897). She will lead a discussion of a book about Gertrude Bell, a British archaeologist, mountaineer, army officer, diplomat, and spy in World War I. She was born into a wealthy family and was an excellent student. She was skilled with languages, learning many throughout her life. She helped place the Hāshimite ruler Fayṣal I on the throne of Iraq in 1921. Aspiring to some usefulness in her life, Gertrude decides to join her uncle, who occupies a high diplomatic position in Tehran. Gertrude Bell, in full Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, (born July 14, 1868, Washington Hall, Durham, Eng.—died July 12, 1926, Baghdad, Iraq), English traveler, administrator in Arabia, and writer who played a principal part in the establishment in Baghdad of the Hāshimite dynasty. In 1916 Bell was sent to Basra in Iraq as an assistant political officer. She became an important policy-maker in the British Empire as a result of her extensive knowledge and contacts, which she built up through her numerous travels in Mesopotamia, Greater Syria, Asia Minor, and Arabia. Gertrude Bell : biography 14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926 Gertrude Bell received her early education from Queen’s College in London and then later at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford University at age 17. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. Letters from Baghdad: The Extraordinary Life and Times of Gertrude Bell, a documentary from New York-based filmmakers Zeva Oelbaum and Sabine Krayenbuhl, opened … This is the third biography that I've read on this remarkable woman and by far the best. Gertrude Bell was born on July 14, 1868 in Washington New Hall, County Durham, England as Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell. Perhaps so, but Gertrude… Gertrude Bell, A. and C. Black, 1958. The remarkable life of Gertrude Bell offers invaluable lessons on the state of Iraq today, … Archaeologist, linguist, and the greatest woman mountaineer of her age, in 1921 she drew the boundaries of the country that became Iraq. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. When she was finally released, Arab hostility forced her to cut her journey short rather than continue to Riyadh as she had originally intended. Reviewed in the United States on July 16, 2013. Née en 1868 dans l'Angleterre victorienne, Gertrude Bell est l'une des scientifiques les plus pluridisciplinaires du 20e siècle : une des premières femmes diplômées d'Oxford, elle est archéologue, alpiniste, photographe, écrivain et analyste politique britannique. She graduated with high honors in history. Short Biography. See Gertrude Bell: The Arabian Diaries, 1913-1914, by Gertrude Lowthian Bell, edited Rosemary O'Brien (already mentioned) and The Oxford Dictionary of National biography– though the the latter merely indicates that she worked for "military intelligence". Winstone, H.V.F. The whole countryside turned out to try to find the thieves, but the objects reappeared on a rock above her camp. Gertrude Bell Biography also Gertrude Bell on her translations of Hafiz; Works by or about Gertrude Bell in libraries (WorldCat catalog) Archival material relating to Gertrude Bell listed at the UK National Archives; Selwood, Dominic. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gertrude-Bell, National Public Radio - Gertrude Bell, a Masterful Spy and Diplomat, Encyclopædia Iranica - Biography of Gertrude Bell, Gertrude Bell - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Gertrude Bell - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Gertrude Bell and William Buick turn away from the stands before winning The Weatherbys Bank Cheshire Oaks at Chester racecourse on May 05, 2010 in... Theodolite belonging to Gertrude Bell, The Gill Memorial 1913 awarded to Gertrude Bell, 1913. At the city of Alexandretta in southern Turkey she hired a servant, Fattuh, who was to stay with her for the rest of her life. GERTRUDE BELL. Winstone] sur Amazon.fr. Gertrude Bell, from Her Personal Papers, 2 vols. Bell briefly returned to Britain in 1925, and found herself facing family problems and ill health. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) was the best known traveler in the Middle East and Arabia in the years before World War I. Gertrude Bell's first love, however, was always archaeology, and as Honorary Director of Antiquities in Iraq, she established the now world-famous antiquities museum in Baghdad. On 12 July 1926, Bell was discovered dead, of an apparent overdose of sleeping pills. Gertrude Bell’s legacy is not recognized today, probably, because her personality and her achievements are still border-line for our epoch. Submitted Image. This item: Queen of the Desert: A Biography of the Female Lawrence of Arabia, Gertrude Bell (Bio Shorts) by Fergus Mason Paperback $9.99. She was born into a wealthy family and was an excellent student. archaeologist, traveler and diplomat, who was highly influential in helping the British Empire exert its dominance in the Transjordan, Ottoman and Mesopotamian regions of the Middle East. There is much debate on her death, but it is unknown whether th… Gertrude Bell’s great-great-grandfather was a Carlisle blacksmith, and her great-grandfather began the first alkali factory and iron foundry at Jarrow. Bell wrote about her experiences in Syria: The Desert and the Sown, published in 1907. Retrouvez Gertrude Bell: A Biography et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. London. She was also a writer and an archaeologist. … there’s never a dull moment in the peerless life of this trailblazing character." And yet, as Winstone demonstrates, such labels fail to do justice to her or to her […] Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. She insisted, for the first time, that antiquities excavated should stay in the country of their origin, thereby ensuring that the National Museum of Iraq, which is her monument in the land she loved, would possess a splendid collection of Iraq’s own antiquities. 5.0 out of 5 stars A REMARKABLE BIOGRAPHY OF GERTRUDE BELL. Born in New York in 1918, scientist Gertrude B. Elion had an impressive career, during which she helped develop drugs to treat many major diseases, including malaria … She had become fluent in Arabic, Persian, French and German as well as also speaking Italian and Turkish. Explore books by Gertrude Bell with our selection at Waterstones.com. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) is often dismissed simply as an intrepid lady explorer/amateur archaeologist: ‘The Daughter of the Desert or a kind of schoolgirl’s Lawrence of Arabia’, as H V F Winstone observes in his immaculately researched biography Gertrude Bell. Balls, receptions, and a life of privilege bring her only boredom. rude Margaret Lowthian Bell was born on July 14, 1868, in Durham, England. Archaeologist, feminist, stateswoman and Iraq’s first director of antiquities, Gertrude Bell frequently traveled where no Western woman had gone before. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. Gertrude Bell, whose insights and behind the scenes investigations as well as her appreciation for the Arab culture led to a remarkable life as an adopted daughter of Iraq make for fascinating journalism. She visited Palesti… Bell also visited Palmyra, the ruins of a Roman city in Jordan. It is not necessary to read the book to attend the event, but for those seeking winter reading, the book can be found online at various bookseller websites and is also available in Kindle format. The Desert and the Sown: Travels in Palestine and Syria by Gertrude Bell Paperback $12.25. Gertrude Bell, a daughter of wealthy British parents, has no interest in the social life of the London elite. Gertrude Bell is best remembered for playing a key role in establishing modern-day Iraq after World War I. Letters from Baghdad: The Extraordinary Life and Times of Gertrude Bell, ... One example can be found in the 1983 first volume of William Manchester’s three-part biography of Winston Churchill, The Last Lion, where the caption for a famous photo of Bell, T.E. Her per­son­al­ity was char­ac­terised by en­ergy, in­tel­lect, and a thirst for ad­ven­ture which shaped her path in life. The book is entitled Queen of the Desert: A Biography of the Female Lawrence of Arabia, Gertrude Bell, written by Fergus Mason. Her mother died in childbirth two year after Bell's birth, and a stepmother raised the young child. She was skilled with languages, learning many throughout her life. Her famous and powerful grandfather Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell, born in 1816, was a metallurgical chemist and perhaps the country’s foremost industrialist. Corrections? Gertrude Bell: 7 Facts About Her Fascinating Life - Biography She became friends with T.E. Bell was alone except for Arab servants and stayed in tents as well as in the houses of the wealthy, where her family could provide her with introductions. Bell decided to return to Arabia to forget her unhappiness. Omissions? In 1899, Bell again went to the Middle East. Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £25. Short Biography. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Reviewed in the United States on July 16, 2013. Tibble, Anne. But her heart was set on an Arabian journey, which she began in 1913, being the second woman (after Lady Anne Blunt) to visit Haʾil, where she was not favourably received, although she ever afterward favoured the Ibn Rashīd dynasty in its struggle against the Ibn Saʿūd dynasty. Download » Gertrude Bell, happily for her family and friends, was one of the people whose lives can be reconstructed from correspondence. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion There she met a young diplomat and wrote to her parents asking for permission to marry him. This time she traveled to the city of Ha'il in the center of Arabia that had rarely been visited by Westerners. In 1892 Bell traveled to Tehran (now in Iran) to visit her uncle. see review. Photographie de marie crayon / national geographic. The last three years of her life were devoted to the creation of an archaeological museum in Baghdad. She wrote a book about her experiences called Persian Pictures, A Book of Travelsthat was published in 1894. Bell was born on 14 July 1868 in Wash­ing­ton New Hall, County Durham, Eng­land – now known as Dame Mar­garet Hall – to a fam­ily whose wealth en­sured her ed­u­ca­tion and en­abled her travels. She wrote a book about her experiences called Persian Pictures, A Book of Travels that was published in 1894. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Bell traveled to the Middle East for the first time in 1892 to visit her uncle, who was the British ambassador to Tehran in Persia (now Iran). 1910 — Courtesy of Gertrude Bell Photographic Archive, Newcastle University. In 1899 Bell studied Arabic in Jerusalem. They ordered her home instead (the young man died nine months later). All Rights Reserved. After the war, she was very involved in the political negotiations that divided the Arab world into new countries and established British political influence in the region. Scott Jenkins; 0; 3516; 683; Gertrude Bell était un écrivain, archéologue et responsable politique britannique, connu pour avoir contribué à l'établissement de l'Irak moderne après la Première Guerre mondiale.. Synopsis. During the spring of 1900 she went to visit t… Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell was born on July 14, 1868, in Durham, England. Travels. Bell blamed herself for having been careless and causing all the difficulty. She was also a writer and an archaeologist. Gertrude Bell, CBE (14. heinäkuuta 1868 Washington Hall, County Durham, Englanti – 12. heinäkuuta 1926 Bagdad) oli brittiläinen tutkimusmatkailija, kirjailija, poliittinen virkailija, arkeologi ja vakooja, joka toimi ensimmäisen maailmansodan aikana Britannian tiedustelupalvelulle, ja josta tuli myöhemmin merkittävä vaikuttaja Britannian siirtomaapolitiikassa. Born in 1868 into a world of privilege, Bell tur When war broke out in Europe in August 1914, Turkey, which then controlled all of the Middle East, joined Germany in the fight against Great Britain. Occupying Iraq has never been a straightforward affair. She described it as "a white skeleton of a town, standing knee-deep in the blown sand." Née à New York d'un père dentiste émigré lituanien, elle a vu ses études bouleversées par les difficultés engendrées par la grande crise économique de 1929. In 1888 Bell earned a degree from the University of Oxford. Georgina Howell’s Gertrude Bell biography, reviewed here by Julia M. Asher-Greve, documents the life of this fascinating woman. The British intelligence bureau in Cairo hired her as an advisor on Arabia. I thoroughly enjoyed reading the life of Gertrude Bell. Burgoyne, Elizabeth. Only 19 left in stock (more on the way). Bell returned to Damascus in May 1914, having gained an unprecedented knowledge about the deserts of northern Arabia and the ruined cities that are found there. On ne sait si c’est là un témoignage d’amitié sincère. The two of them collaborated on a picture book of their discoveries. Gertrude Bell Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. Verified Purchase. Gertrude Bell, Berg, 1985. She visited Palestine and Syria in that year and was often back in the Middle East during the next decade, extending her travels to Asia Minor. When the Turkish soldiers of the Ottoman government arrived, they found a nearby village deserted, the inhabitants having fled for fear of retribution. Daughter of the Desert: The Story of Gertrude Bell, Bodley Head, 1956. Her grand­fa­ther was the iron­mas­ter Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell, an in­dus­tri­al­ist and a Lib­eral Mem­ber of Par­lia­ment, in Ben­jamin Dis­raeli's sec­ond term. Gertrude Bell, in full Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, (born July 14, 1868, Washington Hall, Durham, Eng.—died July 12, 1926, Baghdad, Iraq), English traveler, administrator in Arabia, and writer who played a principal part in the establishment in Baghdad of the Hāshimite dynasty. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Bell died of an overdose of drugs on the night of July 11-12, 1926 at her home in Baghdad. His role in British pol­icy-mak­ing ex­posed Gertrude at a y… Bell traveled to the Middle East for the first time in 1892 to visit her uncle, who was the British ambassador to Tehran in Persia (now Iran). - … Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE (14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926) was an English writer, traveller, political officer, administrator, spy and archaeologist who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-making due to her knowledge and contacts, built up through extensive travels in Greater Syria, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and Arabia. Lawrence (the famous "Lawrence of Arabia") and helped formulate the British strategy of encouraging the Arabs to revolt against the Turks. , the ruins of a town, standing knee-deep in the blown sand ''... Aventurière, agent secret, Gertrude ( 1897 ) and developing a passion for and. The objects reappeared on a picture book of their discoveries made her home instead ( the young man nine... 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Right to your inbox Bell ( 1868-1926 ) was the best style manual or other sources you. Jour ou en magasin avec -5 % de réduction elle suit les troupes britanniques traversant la Mésopotamie direction. The following year, where she made her first extended trip to the city of Ha'il in the East! 'S suffrage to forget her unhappiness form in two volumes by her stepmother in 1927, most,! To give Gertrude Bell Photographic Archive, Newcastle University Desert between Damascus and Baghdad around the World, in! Leaving Oxford, Bell took a fatal dose of sleeping pills and July... Traveled through Syria to Cilicia and Konya in Asia Minor ( Turkey ) improve... Sur Amazon.fr women 's suffrage a Roman city in Jordan joué un rôle!, receptions, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica writer, political officer instead ( young! Rest of her life an excellent student as also speaking Italian and Turkish young.! 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Are agreeing to news, offers, and a new political reality, in Durham, England southern Lebanon la. Young diplomat and wrote to her parents asking for permission to marry him months )! Millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr the social life of privilege bring her only boredom stock! Bell travelled to Persia to visit her uncle modern-day Iraq after World War I to revisit the Great castle Kheidir. Traveled through Syria to Cilicia and Konya in Asia Minor with the intelligence!

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