The term Loogaroo possibly comes from the French loup-garou (meaning 'werewolf') and is common in the culture of Mauritius. Folklore changes and evolves with the peoples and their societies. In the presence of local authorities, he had the vault opened. The museum is open by appointment and those who wish to take a guided tour or attend a movie screening are invited to contact the museum directly.  A Pontianak, Kuntilanak or Matianak in Indonesia, or Langsuir in Malaysia, is a woman who died during childbirth and became undead, seeking revenge and terrorizing villages. His story became the basis of a famous novel, Werewolf of Paris (1933) by Guy Endore. During cholera epidemics in the 19th century, there were cases of people being burned alive by their neighbours on charges of being vampires. 2. Live strigoi became revenants after their death, but there were also many other ways of a person becoming a vampire. The mandurugo is a variety of the aswang that takes the form of an attractive girl by day, and develops wings and a long, hollow, thread-like tongue by night. Principales traductions Anglais Français folklore n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. Dachin Hsu, Michael W. Leighton | Stars: George Chakiris, Wings Hauser, Pamela Ludwig, Diana Frank  The hysteria, which is commonly referred to as the "18th-Century Vampire Controversy", raged for a generation. The latter series became the basis of a 52-episode animated television series in 2004. In vampire folklore, a vampire initially emerges as a soft blurry shape with no bones. His first feature-length vampire film, Le Viol du Vampire (Rape of the Vampires), inaugurated a series of increasingly explicit films that have become among the most notable of all vampire motion pictures. The Irish ambassador to France graced the opening with an appearance. vampire: vampire [the ~] noun. Later vampire traditions appear among diaspora Jews in Central Europe, in particular the medieval interpretation of Lilith. Red rays radiate from his bloodshot eyes. A body with a wound that had not been treated … Shtriga is a vampiric witch in traditional Albanian folklore that sucks the blood of infants at night while they sleep, and then turns into a flying insect (traditionally a moth, fly or bee). The following tables compare traits given to vampires in folklore and fiction. Calmet brought the debate into the Parisian salons, and he soon found a number of detractors. Ukrainian folklore also described vampires as having red faces and tiny tails. , Various regions of Africa have folkloric tales of beings with vampiric abilities: in West Africa the Ashanti people tell of the iron-toothed and tree-dwelling asanbosam, and the Ewe people of the adze, which can take the form of a firefly and hunts children. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. ), Vampires Through the Ages: Lore & Legends of the World's Most Notorious Blood Drinkers by Brian Righi. For her actions, her mother turned her into a serpent from the waist down. In popular folklore, an undead being in human form that survives by sucking the blood of living people, especially at night. Ukrainian and Belarusian legends are more "conventional", although in Ukraine the vampires may sometimes not be described as dead at all, or may be seen as engaging in vampirism long before death. The Betal is described as an undead creature who, like the bat associated with modern-day vampirism, hangs upside down on trees found on cremation grounds and cemeteries. The French movies have become known for continually pushing the amount of overt nudity and sex on the screen. The Baobhan Sith comes from Scottish mythology and it’s a female vampire. Married abs go to bed quickly and start detaching their heads. Somewhat different was the Viscount de Moriéve, a French nobleman who, by strange fortune, kept his estates through the period of the French Revolution. The 12th-century English historians and chroniclers Walter Map and William of Newburgh recorded accounts of revenants, though records in English legends of vampiric beings after this date are scant. It tells of Yosef the Peddler who wanders a great East European forest and encounters a lonely house inhabited by a mysterious lady named Helen. One such example is provided by the legend of the Witches of Anaga in Tenerife. noun. Because the Church opposed burning people who had received the myron of chrismation in the baptism ritual, cremation was considered a last resort. A generation later, the Lettres Juives (Jewish Letters), published in 1737, included the account of several of the famous Serbian (mistakenly reported as Hungarian) vampire cases. Rollin created an era of French vampire movies, but after he moved on to other subjects few French producers have picked up on the theme. Filling the hole with her hair would drive her off. The Vampire images and folklore appear to have originated in Eastern Europe and later became popularized through … Many of the books on vampires that you find today will, in their bibliography, list Paul Barber's Vampires, Burial, and Death: Folklore and Reality, as one of the many sources the author has used. The Bhūta or Préta is the soul of a man who died an untimely death. The problem was exacerbated by rural epidemics of so-claimed vampire attacks, undoubtedly caused by the higher amount of superstition that was present in village communities, with locals digging up bodies and in some cases, staking them. In popular folklore, an undead being in human form that survives by sucking the blood of living people, especially at night. It can only be killed by fire while awake and by using the Rite of Exorcism if found in its grave during the day.  During cholera epidemics in the 19th century, there were cases of people being burned alive by their neighbors on charges of being vampires. Contemporary French scholars and writers have joined in efforts to educate the public on vampires and vampirism. 'folklore' si trova anche in questi elementi: Nella descrizione in inglese: brownie - changeling - dwarf - elf - fairy - fantasy - fay - folkloric - folklorist - golem - hobgoblin - phantasy - pixie - sea monster - stork - tree spirit - vampire There are many documented cases of families disinterring loved ones and removing their hearts in the belief that the deceased was a vampire who was responsible for sickness and death in the family, although the term "vampire" was never actually used to describe the deceased. The first wave of French scholarship on the vampire was capped by Jean Marigny’s Le Vampire dans la Littérature anglo-saxonne (1985). Once the paper is stuck upon the corpses's face, the newly created jiangshi would follow the sorcerer by hopping around, in which the sorcerer would lead it back to its hometown for burial (this was often a last-resort choice used by families with not enough money to hire a cart to carry the corpse back). Alexandre Dumas brought to an end this generation of romantic interest in the vampire with his short story “The History of the Pale Woman” and his dramatic version of Le Vampire (1851). Théophile Gautier authored a vampire story, “La Morte Amoureuse” (published in English as “The Beautiful Vampire” and “Clarimonde”) in 1836 and a poem titled “Les Taches Jaunes” (“The Yellow Bruises”). In vampire folklore, a vampire initially emerges as a soft blurry shape with no bones. I've poked around Google a little bit for some insight here, but I haven't had much luck and wondered if someone might be able to fill me in or at least point me in the right direction. A vampire is a creature from folklore that subsists by feeding on the vital essence (generally in the form of blood) of the living.  Crosses and antidoron (blessed bread) from the church were used as wards in different places. If a pregnant woman did not eat salt or was looked upon by a vampire or a witch, her child would also become a vampire. A vampire arrives in Los Angeles to investigate a recent series of murders which bear the hallmarks of vampire attacks. , The Malaysian Penanggalan may be either a beautiful old or young woman who obtained her beauty through the active use of black magic or other unnatural means, and is most commonly described in local folklores to be dark or demonic in nature. During this era, Alexey Tolstoy, the first Russian writer of vampire stories, published his novellas “Upir” and “The Family of the Vukodlak” in French, and they were first circulated and read in the salons of Paris. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. This legendary beast haunted the marshes and riverbeds of the Rhône in Provence, especially between Arles and Avignon and on the banks of Tarascon. (folklore) a corpse that rises at night to drink the blood of the living 1 The male noun for shtriga is shtrigu or shtrigan. ), Ármann Jakobsson: "Vampires and Watchmen: Categorizing the Medieval Icelandic Undead"" (Journal of English and Germanic Philology, July 2011. In Asturias highlights the Guaxa, which is described as an old vampire who sticks his single tooth and sucks the blood of its victims. Almost all other vampire history is based loosely or otherwise on this story. The first appearance of the vampire in fiction was Dracula. , Among the Romani people, mullo (literally one who is dead) are believed to return from the dead and cause malicious acts as well as drink human blood, most often that of a relative or the person who had caused their death.  These tales are similar to the later folklore widely reported from Southeastern Europe and Transylvania in the 18th century, which were the basis of the vampire legend that later entered Germany and England, where they were subsequently embellished and popularised. There are a few variations on how Vampires come to be, depending on the folklore of the region in question. The Persians were one of the first civilizations thought to have tales of such monsters; creatures attempting to drink blood from men are depicted on excavated pottery shards. , In Sri Lanka the belief of Riri Yaka (Blood Demon) can be found. The folklore stories of Anansi the Spider originate from the Asante people of Ghana and has orally been passed down June 25, 2020 Folklife, Midsummer. This list covers the many types of vampires or vampire like legendary creatures of global folklore and mythology.  Aloe vera hung backwards behind or near a door was thought to ward off vampiric beings in South American superstition. First finding refuge these from a pouring rain, he is eventually seduced to stay and enter into a sexual relationship. Men, beasts, trees, rivers, roads, buildings, she brings harm to them all. Their entire power is kept in their tail. , Tales of the undead consuming the blood or flesh of living beings have been found in nearly every culture around the world for many centuries. The Oxford English Dictionary dates the first appearance of the English word vampire (as vampyre) in English from 1734, in a travelogue titled Travels of Three English Gentlemen published in The Harleian Miscellany in 1745. In: belief in vampires in parts of New England, List of vampires in folklore and mythology, "The Alphabet of Ben Sira Question #5 (23a-b)", "Encyclopædia Britannica Article: Lamashtu", "La mythologie slave : problèmes de répartition dialectale (une étude de cas : le vampire)", "Skeletons treated for vampirism found in Bulgaria", "Mujeres y otros demonios: Brujería e Inquisición en Canarias", "Bioarcheological and biocultural evidence for the New England vampire folk belief", Motif Index of Vampires in Folklore, Literature, and Film, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vampire_folklore_by_region&oldid=998341154, Articles with Ukrainian-language sources (uk), Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The legend of Abhartach – an evil tyrant who repeatedly escapes his grave to spread terror (and in some accounts to drink the blood of his subjects, to be one of the, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 23:15. When the idea of the vampire was introduced into France at the end of the seventeenth century, it was an unfamiliar topic. Aloe vera hung backwards behind or near a door was thought to ward off vampiric beings in South American superstition. , An alternate version states the legend of Lilith/Lilitu (and a type of spirit of the same name) originally arose from Sumer, where she was described as an infertile "beautiful maiden" and was believed to be a harlot and vampire who, after having chosen a lover, would never let him go. Le Vampire led to other Parisian vampire plays, several of them farces, and was translated into English for performance in London.  Lamia was the daughter of King Belus and a secret lover of Zeus. The nachzehrer, also known as a shroud eater, is a type of German vampire which features prominently in the folklore of Germany’s northern region. While the de Moriéve case carried many of the elements of traditional European vampirism, that of Francois Bertrand did not. of organs of a cremated vampire were mixed with water and then drunk by living victims of a vampire to prevent the victim from dying from the disease induced by the vampire.  Greek vampiric entities are seen once again in Homer's epic Odyssey. , Some unusual features of the Chinese vampire include its long, curved fingernails, perhaps derived from the appearance of growing fingernails on corpses due to flesh recession, and its greenish-white furry skin, perhaps derived from fungus or mould growing on corpses. Calmet amassed reports of vampire incidents; numerous readers, including both a critical Voltaire and supportive demonologists, interpreted the treatise as claiming that vampires existed. Despite this condemnation, the vampire lived on in artistic works and in local superstition. A dhampir (dhampyre, dhamphir, dhampyr) is the child of a vampire and human, as told in Balkan folklore. The place where Vampires shop. If he could survive for 40 Two famous vampire cases, which were the first to be officially recorded, involved the corpses of Petar Blagojevich and Arnold Paole from Serbia. Legends of vampires have existed for millennia; cultures such as the Mesopotamians, Hebrews, ancient Greeks, and Romans had tales of demonic entities and blood-drinking spirits which are considered precursors to modern vampires. Among the authors producing multiple titles are Jeanne Faivre d’Ardier, Claude Klotz, and Michel Pagel. The Icelandic Draugur (plural draugar) is usually translated as "ghost", but unlike mainland ghosts Icelandic undead were believed to be corporeal. During the 1840s Bertrand, a sergeant in the French Army, desecrated a number of graves in Paris before being caught in 1849. The narrow-minded scope of the author, restricting the vampire to the folkloric vampire, and comparing it (ironically) to vampires in films and novels, is a very poor take on a complex myth which may only be explained via a plural perspective: sociological, historical and importantly medical. Tales of the undead consuming the blood or flesh of living beings have been found in nearly every culture around the world for many centuries. , Many cultures in ancient Mesopotamia had stories involving blood-drinking demons. New nails had grown and the skin was soft. n. 1. There was a nomination for deletion (Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/List of vampire traits in folklore and fiction) in 2012 with the final decision to keep. Jove Bravo, Rogelio. She found such a person in Raymond of Poitoi, and, once married, she used her magic to help him build a kingdom. It was believed that male vampires returned to have intercourse with his living wife or with another woman that he had an attraction to when he was living. In Balkans folklore, dhampirs (sometimes spelled dhampyres, dhamphirs, or dhampyrs) are creatures that are the result of a union between a vampire and a human.Dhampir Grouping Legendary creature Sub grouping , In Greek folklore, vampirism could occur through various means: being excommunicated, desecrating a religious day, committing a great crime, or dying alone. The word has its roots in the ancient Turkish language, with which the Hungarians made contact during the late 8th century in the regions between Asia and Europe. ... (folklore) a corpse that rises at night to drink the blood of the living 1; Wiktionary Translations for vampire: vampire. While other corpses had undergone the expected decomposition, the viscount’s corpse was still fresh and free of decay. In the Canary Islands there was also a belief in vampiric beings, here in the form of blood-sucking witch. Considering vampire folklore, there are lots of different vampire myths about the origin of vampires.The first appearance of the vampire in fiction was Dracula. However, the issue of vampirism was not raised for the French public until the 1746 publication of Dom Augustin Calmet‘s Dissertations sur les Apparitions des Anges et des Espits, et sur les revenants, et Vampires de Hingrie, de Boheme, de Moravie, et de Silésie. The most information I found was about vampires in Louisiana, but the French influence isn't really what I … In his anger, Raymond revealed that he knew Melusine’s secret. " They can be men or women who show themselves at crossroads, bridges, caves, and graveyards and frighten the locals by terrorizing their homes and drinking their blood. Later novelists included Gustave Lerouge, La Guerre des Vampires (1909); Jean Mistler, Le Vampire (1944); Maurice Limat, Moi, Vampire (1966); Claude Klotz, Paris Vampire (1974); and Christine Renard, La Mante au Fil des Jours (1977). Although most vetala legends have been compiled in the Betal Panchabingshati, a prominent story in the Kathasaritsagara tells of King Vikramāditya and his nightly quests to capture an elusive one. A few lines in Yiddish are shown as dialog between the prophet Elijah and Lilith, in which she has come with a host of demons to kill the mother, take her newborn and "to drink her blood, suck her bones and eat her flesh".  In these texts, Lilith left Adam to become the queen of the demons (she actually refused to be Adam's subordinate and thus was banished from Eden by God himself) and, much like the Greek striges, would prey on young babies and their mothers at night, as well as males. Leading the list was Gilles de Rais (1404–1440). They were gone. 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